16 November 2015

Elements and Principles of Design

(reprinted from Susan Feller's blog, artwools.com)

The Elements and Principles of Design can be considered building blocks for composition. Elements are basic words to understand and then combine to achieve a Principle or make a story.
Elements and Principles of Design ExcerptDesign Basics for Rug Hookers by Susan L. Feller,     Stackpole Books 2011 Click title to purchase.

Elements: Line, Shape, Form, Space, Value, Color, Texture

Line is a joining of points. Thickness, direction and length are variables..
Shapes are created by joining lines. They are 2-Dimensional: height and width.
Form is any 3-Dimensional object. Form can be measured, from top to bottom (height), side to side (width), and from back to front (depth). Form is also defined by light and dark. A source of light on the object will convey form with the shadow or highlight associated by the exposure of light on the motif.
Space is the area provided for a particular purpose. It may have two dimensions (length and width), such as a floor, or it may have three dimensions (length, width, and height). Space includes the background, fore and middle ground.
Value refers to the relationship between light and dark on a surface or object and also helps create form. A value scale in fabric has 1 assigned to the lightest piece. Using a range of value in a work evokes a mood: middle values feel like a gray, rainy day; light values are cheery; and a dark work is somber.
Color is a combination of light rays reflected from a surface. In order to see color a light source is necessary. Notice the lessening of discernable color when a light is dimmed and then turned off. Color has three characteristics: hue, value and intensity.
Texture is the quality of a surface. In visual art, there are two types of texture: tactile and implied. In textile art there is texture in the materials used such as checks, plaids and tweeds.

Principles: Contrast, Emphasis, Rhythm, Movement, Pattern, Balance, Unity

Contrast is a design principle which provides visual interest. This can be accomplished using changes in scale, color, value, shapes.
Emphasis refers to areas of interest that guide the eye into and out of the image through the use of sequence, various levels of focal points, a change of value or intensity of color.
Rhythm as a principle is used to organize a composition and create interest, unity or emphasis. Visual rhythm is achieved by the same effort- repeating a shape, color or line in a regular pattern.
Movement can be achieved with a consistent directional line, or group of lines or by arranging shapes along an imaginary line.
Pattern is defined as a single unit of design used in repetition.
Balance – The eye perceives weights being equal and balanced when they have the same value, or intensity of color creating harmony. A design with equal shapes on either side of the imaginary dividing center line has symmetrical balance and is boring. Changing a motif or color on one side puts interest into the work.
Unity refers to a sense that everything in a piece of work belongs there. It is achieved by the use of balance, repetition and/or design harmony.

In order to have a successful design three parts must work together:
Materials, Techniques, and Composition

27 September 2015

20 September 2015

A Room with a View

We all enjoyed meeting at Craft Central yesterday afternoon... the sun shone so the windows were open and we carried on rug hooking....

Join us if you wish - details on this blog...


21 April 2015

Jan's first attempt at rug-hooking.....

The above rug was a first attempt at Rug Hooking by my friend Jan... so proud of her. She made the rug from old woollen coats - it is very heavy and will now live in an old stone cottage on its slate floor....

20 March 2015

"Girl with Poppy Fascinator"

Another face worked on at the January workshop, "Girl with Poppy Fascinator" by Ruth Robinson, who writes:

"Girl with Poppy Fascinator" came from a collage done at Diane Cox and Sue Dove’s Artful Rugs workshop
in Penzance last year and started out as a large rag rug on hessian. After the workshop, finding the scale too large, I started again on a much smaller version, working with a punch needle.

We spent a whole day in Sue’s studio playing with glue and coloured paper pieces torn from magazines,
initially making abstract collages (a new experience for most of us and very liberating!), before working on another collage each which would be the inspiration for the rag rugs we would be working on during the workshop and, as it turned out, for many months after!

18 March 2015

"Barefoot Noble" by Jeroo Roy

 "In war ravaged Rawanda," reads the label on the back, "a young injured boy, clothed in tatters, wanted to appear dignified. Wearing shoes meant dignity to him - so he painted shoes on his bare feet - to keep his dignity."
From the series "Children under Siege".

17 March 2015

First finished face

At the January meeting we made up for the tutor having to cancel by continuing with the topic for the workshop, portraits. It was hardly a race, but first to finish was a visitor from Germany, Karin, who sent these photos soon after she returned home -

When she showed her daughter and son-in-law the finished rug, they thought the expression so grim that she must have been in a really bad mood when she hooked it – so the second photo shows where she gave the mouth a bit of a smile -

10 March 2015

My first hooked rugs....

Today was bright and sunny, my friend Jan called round to
talk about a rug she hopes to make for her daughter's new cottage.. I showed her the many rugs I had made over the past few years and she went home with lots of Rug books and a Heather Richie DVD. She was so happy and it was good for me to share my work with her.
Above  you can see the very first rugs I made.... I like to think I've improved the technique since I made these... Jill

18 January 2015

A workshop on "faces"

The tutor had to cancel because of illness, but we carried on anyway!